The way the dough should be depends on the type of bread - wetter doughs make coarser chewier breads with bigger holes generally (focaccia, etc). The loaf I usually make has a good glug of olive oil in it, and is slightly sticky after the first rise. It takes a few sprinkles of flour, maybe 1/4 cup max.
You might try adding a little milk or whey as part of your liquid - the extra protein gives a nice texture and lightens the loaf.
I always throw the salt in when I mix it up initially, but I also start with a biga so the yeast has had a chance to work overnight. To make a biga, mix 1 cup of lukewarm water with a cup of flour and a packet (1.5 tsp/7.5 ml) dry yeast. Cover and let it sit in a cool place (even the fridge) overnight. It will get frothy and yeasty smelling. Use it to make up the dough with the remainder of the liquid and flour and other ingredients and toss in 1 tsp (5 ml) of instant bread machine yeast too.
― Jaq, Saturday, 13 October 2007 16:14 (fourteen years ago) link
I've found that if you mix in the salt too late in the process, it doesn't mix in properly.
Your typical dough should be "tacky", maybe like a post-in note. At first you're likely to make it too dry so that it's "workable" but you'll eventually figure out how to deal with a tackier bread.
If your dough isn't rising much, either you're not giving it enough time, or it's very cold where you're trying to let it rise, or it's old yeast. I wonder, if you end up with a dough that won't rise much, if you bake it anyways, and your bread is too dense to be worth eating, if it would still make decent breadcrumbs.
― Casuistry, Saturday, 13 October 2007 17:51 (fourteen years ago) link
or, bread pudding
Really stodgy heavy dense loaves can really soak up the egg custard mix.
― Jaq, Saturday, 13 October 2007 17:56 (fourteen years ago) link
Totally cracked it thanks to reading through this thread. Veg oil in the dough and water in the oven have worked wonders with the texture. Tried 3 different things and came up trumps every time. Some rolls with Malthouse flour (a mix of white and rye flour with malt flakes) that are wonderfully doughy in texture, a loaf using Spelt flour that looks and smells lovely but I've not tried it yet, and finally a platted white bread thing that made an awesome prawn sandwich. My mother in law was visiting and showed me how to do the platting bit.
― Lynskey, Saturday, 13 October 2007 18:33 (fourteen years ago) link
This is a virtue with french toast too.
― Madchen, Monday, 15 October 2007 16:24 (fourteen years ago) link
― Casuistry, Monday, 15 October 2007 20:44 (fourteen years ago) link
One year later and I am back on a bread baking spree. Two days ago, a standard sandwich loaf (flour/water/yeast/salt, tiny glug of olive oil). It got too late to bake, so I punched it down and left it in the fridge overnight, gave it a second rise the next day, and a final rise in the pan. It ended up with a nice texture but a sort of weird crust. Today I'm trying James Beard's pain de mie recipe, though I don't have the special lidded pan. I will weigh it down with cast iron, probably.
I have a bunch of eggs right now, so next will probably be some challah, though I also really want to try making brioche at some point.
― Jaq, Wednesday, 15 October 2008 20:45 (thirteen years ago) link
weird. I'm battering out the soda bread at a rate of knots at the mo, was just thinking of reviving this thread
I'm thinking also of getting a sourdough starter on the go, but I'm just not sure I have the time
― Matt, Wednesday, 15 October 2008 21:23 (thirteen years ago) link
I've been thinking about sourdough too, or maybe a whack at catching some wild free-floating local yeast. There is something very bready about fall....
― Jaq, Wednesday, 15 October 2008 21:43 (thirteen years ago) link
I decided to just bake the pain de mie dough as a regular loaf - good thing too, I think it would have blown the lid off if I tried to bake that much dough in my standard loaf pan. As it was, it bloomed so much the crust grew up into the broiler element:http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3166/2945138481_b44e2b15d5.jpghttp://farm4.static.flickr.com/3181/2946009358_9f17c67102.jpgThe dough has 1/4 lb of butter cut into the flour/salt before mixing with the yeast/water. Really tasty and a great texture - easy to slice really thinly too.
― Jaq, Thursday, 16 October 2008 14:29 (thirteen years ago) link
― Tracer Hand, Friday, 17 October 2008 01:53 (thirteen years ago) link
What a Gehry-esque crust. I like it. The crumb seems really tight, though -- is it dense?
― Casuistry, Friday, 17 October 2008 05:14 (thirteen years ago) link
Yes but staying moist and a really good keeper so far. It's a dry-ish, heavy dough, exhausting to work (unless you were really angry about something when you started kneading).
6 c. flour, 5 tsp kosher flake salt, 1/4 lb butter, 1 tbsp active dry yeast, 1 3/4 - 2 c warm water, 2 tsp sugar. Proof the yeast in 1/2 c water with sugar. Sift flour and salt together. Cut in the butter but don't overwork. Add 1/4 cup water to the yeast mixture, then mix in the flour mixture (with one hand only! The instructions are very specific. WHY???) Add the remaining water and mix to a dry sticky dough, turn out and knead HARD, let rise in well-buttered bowl, punch down, let rest a few minutes, knead hard again, let rise, punch down, let rest, knead hard for a few minutes and form into a loaf. Let rise in the pan and bake at 400 F for 40-50 min. If you actually have the proper pain de mie (or Pullman loaf) pan, there are additional gyrations of timing and temperature and pan flipping and finishing out of the pan on the oven rack.
― Jaq, Friday, 17 October 2008 20:12 (thirteen years ago) link
I need a reliable yeast roll recipe, plz. From folks who've actually made it. Thx!Too, I need a link to Is That Pie?
― Ai Lien, Sunday, 19 October 2008 22:46 (thirteen years ago) link
My family-handed-down-for-generations recipe is called Presbyterian Rolls. This makes about 70 rolls, and the recipe can be halved. I always make up the full amount and freeze after making out into rolls the ones I don't want immediately:
1 c. lard or Crisco3/4 c. sugar1 tsp. salt1 c. boiling water
Stir together until shortening is melted.
1 c. cold water, add after shortening is melted.2 eggs, well beaten2 cakes yeast (2 pkgs active dry yeast, or I use about a tablespoon) dissolved in 1/4 c. lukewarm water8 c. flour (or more as needed)
Note: you can also use rapid rise (bread machine) yeast - you don't have to mix it in water separately, and can use a scant tablespoon.
Mix the second set of wet ingredients together well with the melted shortening/water/sugar/salt mixture. Stir in flour, 1 cup at a time, until the dough is workable. Turn out onto a floured board and knead until smooth. Let rise in a buttered bowl until doubled in size. Punch down and make into rolls (roll out about 1/2" thick, cut into 2" circles and fold in half on cookie sheet is my family's preferred method). Bake in a 350 deg F oven for 20-30 minutes.
You can make the dough a day or two ahead of time and keep wrapped in the refrigerator. Take them out 2 hours before you want to bake them.
Is That....Pie? is here: http://isthatpie.wordpress.com/
― Jaq, Monday, 20 October 2008 03:23 (thirteen years ago) link
jaq dude, can i put that on "how to nom"? http://www.elishasessions.com/pumpkin
― Tracer Hand, Monday, 20 October 2008 03:24 (thirteen years ago) link
I don't mind Tracer, as long as it's attributed and you link it back to the post on Is That....Pie? once I have the photo essay up after Thanksgiving. I keep getting Page Not Founds when I go to Browse on HTN, or when I try the direct link http://www.elishasessions.com/pumpkin/recipe that I have in the blogroll on the ITP? site.
― Jaq, Monday, 20 October 2008 03:32 (thirteen years ago) link
i'll definitely source you!
― Tracer Hand, Monday, 20 October 2008 03:34 (thirteen years ago) link
which link gives you a page not found?
― Tracer Hand, Monday, 20 October 2008 03:35 (thirteen years ago) link
If I click on "Browse" from the main page of How to Nom, or if I use the link to the /recipe as in the post above.
― Jaq, Monday, 20 October 2008 03:36 (thirteen years ago) link
Can you only browse if you are a member? If so, I'll take the link off of the Is That....Pie? blogroll.
― Jaq, Monday, 20 October 2008 03:37 (thirteen years ago) link
no, you should be able to browse as a non-registered user, i'll try to fix that.
is that... pie looks pretty great!
― Tracer Hand, Monday, 20 October 2008 03:43 (thirteen years ago) link
I was able to browse a few days ago when I linked it up, but I don't know when it broke. Just now noticed I can't browse, so maybe something changed?
― Jaq, Monday, 20 October 2008 03:54 (thirteen years ago) link
yeah, lots has changed! mainly under the hood. i must have dropped a wrench in there somewhere, cause none of the recipes were showing up for unregistered users but now they are!
― Tracer Hand, Monday, 20 October 2008 04:18 (thirteen years ago) link
if i get a blogroll thingie goin i will link to PIE(?) for sure
― Tracer Hand, Monday, 20 October 2008 04:19 (thirteen years ago) link
I'm currrently experimenting with various things in terms of breadmaking. I got a breadmaker machine from LIDL a couple of weeks ago and have been making loaves since then, did a couple of bread mixes taht I bought from LIDl to progressive degrees of success as ingredients were more accurately measured. Have now progressed to trying to make loaves to a basic recipe adapted from one taht came with the breadmaker. So I successfully made one loaf substituting apple&mango juice not from concentrate for the water and molasses for sugar and using malthouse flour. Came out pretty well, didn't seem to have a great deal of flavour the night it was made but did the day after and is pretty tasty today. Not sure how long a loaf will last sans preseratives. Then yesterday i tried something else. I shredded several vegetables garlic, ginger, a bit of chili pepper, red pepper, carrots, aubergine, courgette, cabbage, a bit of butternut squash basically what I make a stir fry out of. Bunged into this veg shredder I bought last year, came out as about a bowlful when shredded. Then put that in with some mixed liquids which came to about 200 ml, a spoonful of molasses and 25 g of yeast. Worked just about but bread is a bit denser like a ginger cake or a fruit/nut loaf so wondering if that is the inevitable result.Bread is interesting, edible but I'm not 100% sure how recognisable the flavour is and there is an after-flavour presumably from the ginger/garlic/chilli.So it worked to some extent but may need some honing. Not sure if it might have been better if I remembered to add salt. Or if soy sauce would make a possible substitute which was another idea.
Was told last night that salt is there to feed yeast or at least to some extent and I know I need to look further into reactions like that. Salt and sugar both there at least partially to feed yeast. Sugar helps make the crust the way it works out. Not sure if any of that would be done by other ingredients if you're adding fruit or veg or whatever. Need to read further and not really sure where to look.
― Stevolende, Monday, 11 November 2013 14:36 (eight years ago) link
ooh - interesting. I thought salt retarded yeast, but maybe I misread that somewhere...
― Vic Arpeggio, Private Investigator (stevie), Monday, 11 November 2013 15:08 (eight years ago) link
I'm making Jim Lahey's duper famous no-knead recipe right now; it took about 5 minutes to stir and now it's sitting on the counter for 12 or 18 more hours. I'll resume it in the morning
― queen bey backers (Stevie D(eux)), Saturday, 28 December 2013 00:58 (eight years ago) link
I can't remember where in orbit was talking about yeast not working. Reading this book about fermentation - residual chlorine in treated water can kill it, so maybe that's what's going on? Leave tap water sitting out for a day or two, stirring occasionally or pouring from container to container to aerated.
― Jaq, Sunday, 11 January 2015 16:43 (seven years ago) link