This is where we post our favorite bread recipes (NOT FOR BREAD MACHINES) and our own little adjustments, concoctions, and preferences. My basic recipe's snagged from Mark Bittman's How to Cook Everything which in turn is snagged from Charlie Van Over's Bread Bible, now OOP.
In food processor blend:
3 1/2 c. bread flour (I use 2 1/2 c white bread flour, 1/2 c. whole wheat and a scant 1/2 c. oat bran)2t. salt1.5t. rapid rise yeast
slowly add, while pulsing in mixer:
2T unsalted butter, room temp.1 c + 2T. whole milk1/4 c. plain yogurt
stop when the mixture forms a loose ball. Knead for two minutes.
Add [fresh rosemary, thyme, cinnamon, basil, shredded asiago, etc.] and let rise for 2 hrs. in warm place.
Remove when doubled, punch down and form into sandwich loaf. If desired add [raisins, sundried (sun dried, not sundried) tomatoes, nuts, what-have-you] cover and let rise for 1 hr. more.
Bake in 350 oven for 1/2 hr. - 45 minutes or until hollow-sounding.
― Remy (x Jeremy), Monday, 4 April 2005 19:55 (fifteen years ago) link
― Remy (x Jeremy), Monday, 4 April 2005 19:59 (fifteen years ago) link
― Casuistry (Chris P), Monday, 4 April 2005 20:51 (fifteen years ago) link
I am 3000 miles away from my assorted bibles. Here's one idea, though, that I found recently: add, oh, 1/2 cup raisins into 1 cup hot hot water, and let them macerate for maybe 10 minutes. Then blend the mixture. Use this liquid instead of water. Goes well with whole wheat or rye flours, gives the bread an interesting raisiny sweetness.
― Casuistry (Chris P), Monday, 4 April 2005 20:54 (fifteen years ago) link
― Remy (x Jeremy), Monday, 4 April 2005 21:37 (fifteen years ago) link
I like the idea of yogurt in bread! WOuld make it tangy and moist mmm.
― Trayce (trayce), Monday, 4 April 2005 23:00 (fifteen years ago) link
Trayce: Two hints. First, oils are your friends for staying moist, I believe -- so some butter or vegetable oil should help. Maybe a tbsp per loaf? Also, make sure you are standing your breads on their ends after you've cut into them. You want only protective crust to be exposed to the air. That will help keep them fresh.
If you're making white bread (American style sammich bread) then you can stick to AP flour without worry, I believe. If you're making French style bread with thick crusts and big air holes then you'll want the bread flour.
― Casuistry (Chris P), Tuesday, 5 April 2005 04:48 (fifteen years ago) link
― Vicky (Vicky), Sunday, 10 April 2005 02:08 (fifteen years ago) link
― Vicky (Vicky), Sunday, 10 April 2005 02:32 (fifteen years ago) link
― Casuistry (Chris P), Monday, 11 April 2005 01:03 (fifteen years ago) link
― Vicky (Vicky), Monday, 11 April 2005 11:35 (fifteen years ago) link
I just read about this! I got Harold McGee's On Food and Cooking a few months ago and have been ploughing through it. Here's what it says: "Sometimes the solid ingredients folded into bread and muffin batters turn disconcerting colors.... This happens when the mix contains too much baking soda or when the soda isn't evenly mixed in the batter, so that there are concentrated alkaline pockets. Because the anthocyanin and related pigments in fruits, vegetables, and nuts are sensitive to pH, and their normal surroundings are acidic, alkaline batters cause their colors to change."
So, acidify and the onions might stay red.
― Jaq (Jaq), Monday, 11 April 2005 12:54 (fifteen years ago) link
― lauren (laurenp), Tuesday, 12 April 2005 10:24 (fifteen years ago) link
― Liz :x (Liz :x), Thursday, 14 April 2005 14:18 (fifteen years ago) link
― Casuistry (Chris P), Thursday, 14 April 2005 16:04 (fifteen years ago) link
― Remy (x Jeremy), Thursday, 14 April 2005 18:11 (fifteen years ago) link
― Casuistry (Chris P), Thursday, 14 April 2005 19:18 (fifteen years ago) link
― Casuistry (Chris P), Wednesday, 20 April 2005 19:56 (fifteen years ago) link
― Jaq (Jaq), Wednesday, 20 April 2005 21:14 (fifteen years ago) link
― Casuistry (Chris P), Wednesday, 20 April 2005 21:41 (fifteen years ago) link
― Jaq (Jaq), Friday, 22 April 2005 13:42 (fifteen years ago) link
― Casuistry (Chris P), Friday, 22 April 2005 15:07 (fifteen years ago) link
― PinXorchiXoR (Pinkpanther), Monday, 25 April 2005 07:57 (fifteen years ago) link
― Jaq (Jaq), Saturday, 23 July 2005 16:28 (fourteen years ago) link
It will then take a while to warm up and for the yeast to be active again -- that second rise will take a good long while!
That said: I cannot off the top of my head remember if eggs interfere with yeast. I don't think they do; I don't seem to remember adding insane amounts of yeast when making brioche. Three packages of yeast for a single loaf? That seems like a ridiculous amount of yeast. If it's a package per loaf, that is probably too much, but not an unreasonable amount.
Another recipe I have recommends 2 1/4 tsp (of instant yeast, not active dry) for a 3 pound loaf. (1 tsp for a sponge, and the rest for the main dough.) So that's about one package, right? If you're using active dry yeast, you want to use, as I recall, about a third more.
So yeah, if it's 5-6 cups of flour, try just one package.
― Casuistry (Chris P), Sunday, 24 July 2005 06:59 (fourteen years ago) link
― Casuistry (Chris P), Sunday, 24 July 2005 07:02 (fourteen years ago) link
― Jaq (Jaq), Sunday, 24 July 2005 14:24 (fourteen years ago) link
― Casuistry (Chris P), Sunday, 24 July 2005 15:06 (fourteen years ago) link
― Jaq (Jaq), Sunday, 24 July 2005 16:04 (fourteen years ago) link
― Casuistry (Chris P), Monday, 25 July 2005 18:12 (fourteen years ago) link
Also, brushing them with egg yolk at 5 am went badly. I'm not a morning person.
I'll give the sponge a go, though maybe not for challah. I was keen on the egg bread because we inadvertantly ended up with 6 dozen eggs in the fridge.
― Jaq (Jaq), Monday, 25 July 2005 18:33 (fourteen years ago) link
― Jaq (Jaq), Saturday, 30 July 2005 02:00 (fourteen years ago) link
To finish it, I added 1 1/4 c. of flour and 3/4 c. of whole wheatmeal, 1.5 tsp salt, and 1/2 tsp more of yeast, whacking it around with the doughhook of the Kitchenaid while dribbling in about 1/4 c. of olive oil. Once it was a nice ball of dough, I kneaded by hand, then returned to an oiled bowl until doubled. This took a great while, because the sponge was cold out of the fridge when I mixed it up.
Punched it down, shaped into a ball, covered for another 45 min. rise, then baked at 450 F on the cast iron pizza pan for 30 min. Gorgeous.
― Jaq (Jaq), Sunday, 31 July 2005 02:47 (fourteen years ago) link
― Jaq (Jaq), Sunday, 31 July 2005 02:48 (fourteen years ago) link
God, you score bread so much better than I do. Do you own a lame or what?
― Casuistry (Chris P), Sunday, 31 July 2005 02:52 (fourteen years ago) link
― Jaq (Jaq), Sunday, 31 July 2005 03:03 (fourteen years ago) link
― Casuistry (Chris P), Sunday, 31 July 2005 03:09 (fourteen years ago) link
― Remy (x Jeremy), Sunday, 31 July 2005 03:56 (fourteen years ago) link
― Jaq (Jaq), Sunday, 31 July 2005 12:31 (fourteen years ago) link
My friends picked up a cooling rack that would stack perfectly on top of yours but doesn't really stand well on its on. Unless I'm doing it wrong. Which is possible.
― Casuistry (Chris P), Sunday, 31 July 2005 16:41 (fourteen years ago) link
My favorite thing from the supply shop: aluminum pizza pans - cheap, fairly durable, usable to bake on or as serving trays. Also, I got my 10" Chicago Metalworks (something like that) loaf pan there. The 10" really is the one to go for, what's a smeasly 1/2" difference from that 8.5" to 9" gonna do, really?
― Jaq (Jaq), Sunday, 31 July 2005 17:46 (fourteen years ago) link
― Casuistry (Chris P), Sunday, 31 July 2005 18:26 (fourteen years ago) link
Hmmm. I question the mathematical principles at play here. There is some kind of baking magic happening. An 8.5 x 4.5 x 2.75 pan has 105.1875 cu. in. A 10 x 5 x 2.75 pan has only 137.5, for a net volume increase of 30.72%. It must be in the increased volume of the loaf above the pan.
― Jaq (Jaq), Monday, 1 August 2005 02:09 (fourteen years ago) link
― Frankie, Monday, 1 August 2005 04:42 (fourteen years ago) link
― Frankie, Monday, 1 August 2005 04:47 (fourteen years ago) link
― Casuistry (Chris P), Monday, 1 August 2005 05:38 (fourteen years ago) link
― Casuistry (Chris P), Tuesday, 2 August 2005 16:23 (fourteen years ago) link
― caitlin oh no (caitxa1), Monday, 8 August 2005 01:24 (fourteen years ago) link
― Casuistry (Chris P), Monday, 8 August 2005 01:47 (fourteen years ago) link
― Remy (x Jeremy), Monday, 8 August 2005 02:25 (fourteen years ago) link
Modified from James Beard's freeform white loaf -
sponge:2 cups white flour1 cup warm water2 tsp yeast
Stir together, cover with plastic wrap, let ferment overnight (or at least 4 hours) in a cool place. (BTW - Chris, thanks so much for pointing out the sponge thing for better flavor!)
After fermenting, knock the sponge down and let it warm up for an hour, then mix in 1/2 cup water, 2 cups whole wheat flour, 3 tbsp olive oil, 1 tbsp coarse salt. Knead in another 1/2 cup of flour (I kneaded this for a good long time, probably 15 minutes). Let rise covered in an oiled bowl until doubled. Punch down and let rise again in the covered bowl. Punch down, shape into a round or oblong on a baking sheet sprinkled with corn meal. Cover and let rise until doubled. Slash top, brush with cold water. Have oven preheated to 425 F. Put the loaf in, then immediately turn the temp down to 375 F. After 20 minutes, brush with cold water again, then finish baking for 40-50 minutes, until the bottom of the loaf sounds hollow when knocked on.
― Jaq (Jaq), Tuesday, 11 October 2005 00:35 (fourteen years ago) link
― Jaq (Jaq), Tuesday, 11 October 2005 00:38 (fourteen years ago) link
I haven't made bread (other than pizza dough) for over a month BUT Wednesday-Friday will be a breadmaking orgy as I prepare for a weekend visiting a friend in central Oregon. I am looking forward to it.
― Casuistry (Chris P), Tuesday, 11 October 2005 00:47 (fourteen years ago) link
Now that it's cooled down (70's most days after 100's into Sept.), it's perfect baking weather. Does it matter what kind of yeast you use for the sponge/later addition? I've got both the rapid rise bread machine stuff and a huge bag of regular Red Star.
― Jaq (Jaq), Tuesday, 11 October 2005 00:57 (fourteen years ago) link
If you're looking to use up the active dry stuff, use it for the sponge; since you kinda have to activate it in warm water, it doesn't work so well for adding in later. But I generally use the instant/rapid-rise stuff.
― Casuistry (Chris P), Tuesday, 11 October 2005 01:25 (fourteen years ago) link
― Jaq (Jaq), Saturday, 28 January 2006 22:15 (fourteen years ago) link
My first sourdough starter failed, but I will try again.
― Casuistry (Chris P), Sunday, 29 January 2006 00:47 (fourteen years ago) link
― ringtones free, Monday, 3 July 2006 10:33 (thirteen years ago) link
― funny ringtones, Monday, 3 July 2006 12:43 (thirteen years ago) link
― Casuistry (Chris P), Tuesday, 4 July 2006 01:42 (thirteen years ago) link
Revive as I have entered the world of bread making and I need some sagely advice.
So far I've done about 5 or so plain white loaves and various buns with fairly pleasing results but I can't seem to get that lovely almost cakey texture my dad manages to get (and my ulterior motive is that I want to go head to head against him at the village show he's entering next year).
My questions are thus -
When I'm getting the dough out of the bowl for kneading - what should the consistency be, sticky, very slightly sticky or dry? I'm finding that if its sticky I probably ended up throwing in the same amount of flour again into it via the floured surface so I guess thats not right. The totally dry doughs have tended to get a pretty heavy end result. Mind you I've only just started putting vegetable oil or something similar into the mix to try and get a lighter bread.
I've heard that any extra goodies you throw in from herbs to chopped onion etc. should be put in after the first rise. Is this right?
Another piece of advice I've got is to add the salt as late in the kneading process as you can (sprinkling it onto the dough and working it in) so it doesn't interfere with the yeast. Does that make sense?
Is there any way to rescue a dough that doesn't rise much?
― Lynskey, Saturday, 13 October 2007 12:48 (twelve years ago) link
The way the dough should be depends on the type of bread - wetter doughs make coarser chewier breads with bigger holes generally (focaccia, etc). The loaf I usually make has a good glug of olive oil in it, and is slightly sticky after the first rise. It takes a few sprinkles of flour, maybe 1/4 cup max.
You might try adding a little milk or whey as part of your liquid - the extra protein gives a nice texture and lightens the loaf.
I always throw the salt in when I mix it up initially, but I also start with a biga so the yeast has had a chance to work overnight. To make a biga, mix 1 cup of lukewarm water with a cup of flour and a packet (1.5 tsp/7.5 ml) dry yeast. Cover and let it sit in a cool place (even the fridge) overnight. It will get frothy and yeasty smelling. Use it to make up the dough with the remainder of the liquid and flour and other ingredients and toss in 1 tsp (5 ml) of instant bread machine yeast too.
― Jaq, Saturday, 13 October 2007 16:14 (twelve years ago) link
I've found that if you mix in the salt too late in the process, it doesn't mix in properly.
Your typical dough should be "tacky", maybe like a post-in note. At first you're likely to make it too dry so that it's "workable" but you'll eventually figure out how to deal with a tackier bread.
If your dough isn't rising much, either you're not giving it enough time, or it's very cold where you're trying to let it rise, or it's old yeast. I wonder, if you end up with a dough that won't rise much, if you bake it anyways, and your bread is too dense to be worth eating, if it would still make decent breadcrumbs.
― Casuistry, Saturday, 13 October 2007 17:51 (twelve years ago) link
or, bread pudding
Really stodgy heavy dense loaves can really soak up the egg custard mix.
― Jaq, Saturday, 13 October 2007 17:56 (twelve years ago) link
Totally cracked it thanks to reading through this thread. Veg oil in the dough and water in the oven have worked wonders with the texture. Tried 3 different things and came up trumps every time. Some rolls with Malthouse flour (a mix of white and rye flour with malt flakes) that are wonderfully doughy in texture, a loaf using Spelt flour that looks and smells lovely but I've not tried it yet, and finally a platted white bread thing that made an awesome prawn sandwich. My mother in law was visiting and showed me how to do the platting bit.
― Lynskey, Saturday, 13 October 2007 18:33 (twelve years ago) link
This is a virtue with french toast too.
― Madchen, Monday, 15 October 2007 16:24 (twelve years ago) link
― Casuistry, Monday, 15 October 2007 20:44 (twelve years ago) link
One year later and I am back on a bread baking spree. Two days ago, a standard sandwich loaf (flour/water/yeast/salt, tiny glug of olive oil). It got too late to bake, so I punched it down and left it in the fridge overnight, gave it a second rise the next day, and a final rise in the pan. It ended up with a nice texture but a sort of weird crust. Today I'm trying James Beard's pain de mie recipe, though I don't have the special lidded pan. I will weigh it down with cast iron, probably.
I have a bunch of eggs right now, so next will probably be some challah, though I also really want to try making brioche at some point.
― Jaq, Wednesday, 15 October 2008 20:45 (eleven years ago) link
weird. I'm battering out the soda bread at a rate of knots at the mo, was just thinking of reviving this thread
I'm thinking also of getting a sourdough starter on the go, but I'm just not sure I have the time
― Matt, Wednesday, 15 October 2008 21:23 (eleven years ago) link
I've been thinking about sourdough too, or maybe a whack at catching some wild free-floating local yeast. There is something very bready about fall....
― Jaq, Wednesday, 15 October 2008 21:43 (eleven years ago) link
I decided to just bake the pain de mie dough as a regular loaf - good thing too, I think it would have blown the lid off if I tried to bake that much dough in my standard loaf pan. As it was, it bloomed so much the crust grew up into the broiler element:http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3166/2945138481_b44e2b15d5.jpghttp://farm4.static.flickr.com/3181/2946009358_9f17c67102.jpgThe dough has 1/4 lb of butter cut into the flour/salt before mixing with the yeast/water. Really tasty and a great texture - easy to slice really thinly too.
― Jaq, Thursday, 16 October 2008 14:29 (eleven years ago) link
― Tracer Hand, Friday, 17 October 2008 01:53 (eleven years ago) link
What a Gehry-esque crust. I like it. The crumb seems really tight, though -- is it dense?
― Casuistry, Friday, 17 October 2008 05:14 (eleven years ago) link
Yes but staying moist and a really good keeper so far. It's a dry-ish, heavy dough, exhausting to work (unless you were really angry about something when you started kneading).
6 c. flour, 5 tsp kosher flake salt, 1/4 lb butter, 1 tbsp active dry yeast, 1 3/4 - 2 c warm water, 2 tsp sugar. Proof the yeast in 1/2 c water with sugar. Sift flour and salt together. Cut in the butter but don't overwork. Add 1/4 cup water to the yeast mixture, then mix in the flour mixture (with one hand only! The instructions are very specific. WHY???) Add the remaining water and mix to a dry sticky dough, turn out and knead HARD, let rise in well-buttered bowl, punch down, let rest a few minutes, knead hard again, let rise, punch down, let rest, knead hard for a few minutes and form into a loaf. Let rise in the pan and bake at 400 F for 40-50 min. If you actually have the proper pain de mie (or Pullman loaf) pan, there are additional gyrations of timing and temperature and pan flipping and finishing out of the pan on the oven rack.
― Jaq, Friday, 17 October 2008 20:12 (eleven years ago) link
I need a reliable yeast roll recipe, plz. From folks who've actually made it. Thx!Too, I need a link to Is That Pie?
― Ai Lien, Sunday, 19 October 2008 22:46 (eleven years ago) link
My family-handed-down-for-generations recipe is called Presbyterian Rolls. This makes about 70 rolls, and the recipe can be halved. I always make up the full amount and freeze after making out into rolls the ones I don't want immediately:
1 c. lard or Crisco3/4 c. sugar1 tsp. salt1 c. boiling water
Stir together until shortening is melted.
1 c. cold water, add after shortening is melted.2 eggs, well beaten2 cakes yeast (2 pkgs active dry yeast, or I use about a tablespoon) dissolved in 1/4 c. lukewarm water8 c. flour (or more as needed)
Note: you can also use rapid rise (bread machine) yeast - you don't have to mix it in water separately, and can use a scant tablespoon.
Mix the second set of wet ingredients together well with the melted shortening/water/sugar/salt mixture. Stir in flour, 1 cup at a time, until the dough is workable. Turn out onto a floured board and knead until smooth. Let rise in a buttered bowl until doubled in size. Punch down and make into rolls (roll out about 1/2" thick, cut into 2" circles and fold in half on cookie sheet is my family's preferred method). Bake in a 350 deg F oven for 20-30 minutes.
You can make the dough a day or two ahead of time and keep wrapped in the refrigerator. Take them out 2 hours before you want to bake them.
Is That....Pie? is here: http://isthatpie.wordpress.com/
― Jaq, Monday, 20 October 2008 03:23 (eleven years ago) link
jaq dude, can i put that on "how to nom"? http://www.elishasessions.com/pumpkin
― Tracer Hand, Monday, 20 October 2008 03:24 (eleven years ago) link
I don't mind Tracer, as long as it's attributed and you link it back to the post on Is That....Pie? once I have the photo essay up after Thanksgiving. I keep getting Page Not Founds when I go to Browse on HTN, or when I try the direct link http://www.elishasessions.com/pumpkin/recipe that I have in the blogroll on the ITP? site.
― Jaq, Monday, 20 October 2008 03:32 (eleven years ago) link
i'll definitely source you!
― Tracer Hand, Monday, 20 October 2008 03:34 (eleven years ago) link
which link gives you a page not found?
― Tracer Hand, Monday, 20 October 2008 03:35 (eleven years ago) link
If I click on "Browse" from the main page of How to Nom, or if I use the link to the /recipe as in the post above.
― Jaq, Monday, 20 October 2008 03:36 (eleven years ago) link
Can you only browse if you are a member? If so, I'll take the link off of the Is That....Pie? blogroll.
― Jaq, Monday, 20 October 2008 03:37 (eleven years ago) link
no, you should be able to browse as a non-registered user, i'll try to fix that.
is that... pie looks pretty great!
― Tracer Hand, Monday, 20 October 2008 03:43 (eleven years ago) link
I was able to browse a few days ago when I linked it up, but I don't know when it broke. Just now noticed I can't browse, so maybe something changed?
― Jaq, Monday, 20 October 2008 03:54 (eleven years ago) link
yeah, lots has changed! mainly under the hood. i must have dropped a wrench in there somewhere, cause none of the recipes were showing up for unregistered users but now they are!
― Tracer Hand, Monday, 20 October 2008 04:18 (eleven years ago) link
if i get a blogroll thingie goin i will link to PIE(?) for sure
― Tracer Hand, Monday, 20 October 2008 04:19 (eleven years ago) link
I'm currrently experimenting with various things in terms of breadmaking. I got a breadmaker machine from LIDL a couple of weeks ago and have been making loaves since then, did a couple of bread mixes taht I bought from LIDl to progressive degrees of success as ingredients were more accurately measured. Have now progressed to trying to make loaves to a basic recipe adapted from one taht came with the breadmaker. So I successfully made one loaf substituting apple&mango juice not from concentrate for the water and molasses for sugar and using malthouse flour. Came out pretty well, didn't seem to have a great deal of flavour the night it was made but did the day after and is pretty tasty today. Not sure how long a loaf will last sans preseratives. Then yesterday i tried something else. I shredded several vegetables garlic, ginger, a bit of chili pepper, red pepper, carrots, aubergine, courgette, cabbage, a bit of butternut squash basically what I make a stir fry out of. Bunged into this veg shredder I bought last year, came out as about a bowlful when shredded. Then put that in with some mixed liquids which came to about 200 ml, a spoonful of molasses and 25 g of yeast. Worked just about but bread is a bit denser like a ginger cake or a fruit/nut loaf so wondering if that is the inevitable result.Bread is interesting, edible but I'm not 100% sure how recognisable the flavour is and there is an after-flavour presumably from the ginger/garlic/chilli.So it worked to some extent but may need some honing. Not sure if it might have been better if I remembered to add salt. Or if soy sauce would make a possible substitute which was another idea.
Was told last night that salt is there to feed yeast or at least to some extent and I know I need to look further into reactions like that. Salt and sugar both there at least partially to feed yeast. Sugar helps make the crust the way it works out. Not sure if any of that would be done by other ingredients if you're adding fruit or veg or whatever. Need to read further and not really sure where to look.
― Stevolende, Monday, 11 November 2013 14:36 (six years ago) link
ooh - interesting. I thought salt retarded yeast, but maybe I misread that somewhere...
― Vic Arpeggio, Private Investigator (stevie), Monday, 11 November 2013 15:08 (six years ago) link
I'm making Jim Lahey's duper famous no-knead recipe right now; it took about 5 minutes to stir and now it's sitting on the counter for 12 or 18 more hours. I'll resume it in the morning
― queen bey backers (Stevie D(eux)), Saturday, 28 December 2013 00:58 (six years ago) link
I can't remember where in orbit was talking about yeast not working. Reading this book about fermentation - residual chlorine in treated water can kill it, so maybe that's what's going on? Leave tap water sitting out for a day or two, stirring occasionally or pouring from container to container to aerated.
― Jaq, Sunday, 11 January 2015 16:43 (five years ago) link