US #1s of 1991

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Poll Closing Date: Saturday, 13 April 2019 00:00 (in 2 weeks)

Guess this magnificent year wasn't given the opportunity for a poll.

"Justify My Love," Madonna
"Love Will Never Do (Without You)," Janet Jackson
"The First Time," Surface
"Gonna Make You Sweat (Everybody Dance Now)," C+C Music Factory featuring Freedom Williams
"All the Man That I Need," Whitney Houston
"Someday," Mariah Carey
"One More Try," Timmy T
"Coming Out of the Dark," Gloria Estefan
"I've Been Thinking About You," Londonbeat
"You're in Love," Wilson Phillips
"Baby Baby," Amy Grant
"Joyride," Roxette
"I Like the Way (The Kissing Game)," Hi-Five
"I Don't Wanna Cry," Mariah Carey
"More Than Words," Extreme
"Rush Rush," Paula Abdul
"Unbelievable," EMF
"(Everything I Do) I Do It for You," Bryan Adams
"The Promise of a New Day," Paula Abdul
"I Adore Mi Amor," Color Me Badd
"Good Vibrations," Marky Mark and the Funky Bunch featuring Loleatta Holloway
"Emotions," Mariah Carey
"Romantic," Karyn White
"Cream," Prince and the New Power Generation
"When a Man Loves a Woman," Michael Bolton
"Set Adrift on Memory Bliss," P.M. Dawn
"Black or White," Michael Jackson


zama roma ding dong (Eric H.), Thursday, 14 March 2019 14:40 (one week ago) Permalink

We must have been stone crazy.

what if bod was one of us (ledge), Thursday, 14 March 2019 14:41 (one week ago) Permalink

I like a few of these, but the only one I'd listen to right now is PM Dawn

We were never Breeting Borting (President Keyes), Thursday, 14 March 2019 14:43 (one week ago) Permalink

top tens overall >>>>>>>>>> #1s

Let's have sensible centrist armageddon (Alfred, Lord Sotosyn), Thursday, 14 March 2019 14:49 (one week ago) Permalink

Ranked:

Set Adrift on Memory Bliss
Love Will Never Do
Unbelievable
I Like the Way
Joyride
Baby, Baby
Cream
Good Vibrations
Gonna Make You Sweat (Everybody Dance Now)
Black or White

Let's have sensible centrist armageddon (Alfred, Lord Sotosyn), Thursday, 14 March 2019 14:50 (one week ago) Permalink

Love Will Never Do..

beard papa, Thursday, 14 March 2019 14:53 (one week ago) Permalink

top tens overall >>>>>>>>>> #1s

"Vibeology" peaked outside the top 10 so it's a wash in my eyes.

zama roma ding dong (Eric H.), Thursday, 14 March 2019 14:55 (one week ago) Permalink

PM Dawn is all-time.

Cream is Prince's ickiest hit.

mfktz (Camaraderie at Arms Length), Thursday, 14 March 2019 14:55 (one week ago) Permalink

From these 8, probably:

"Justify My Love," Madonna
"Love Will Never Do (Without You)," Janet Jackson
"Someday," Mariah Carey
"One More Try," Timmy T
"Baby Baby," Amy Grant
"I Like the Way (The Kissing Game)," Hi-Five
"Rush Rush," Paula Abdul
"Romantic," Karyn White

zama roma ding dong (Eric H.), Thursday, 14 March 2019 14:56 (one week ago) Permalink

sh-boogie flop?

Let's have sensible centrist armageddon (Alfred, Lord Sotosyn), Thursday, 14 March 2019 14:56 (one week ago) Permalink

1. Set Adrift on Memory Bliss
2. Black or White
3. Love Will Never Do
4. Justify My Love
5. Cream

Timothée Charalambides (cryptosicko), Thursday, 14 March 2019 15:58 (one week ago) Permalink

Voted "Someday". Mariah Carey's best single.

justfanoe (Greg Fanoe), Thursday, 14 March 2019 16:24 (one week ago) Permalink

'Cream'

Quite a fair amount of this list is aural excrement, to put it kindly.

Le Baton Rose (Turrican), Thursday, 14 March 2019 16:33 (one week ago) Permalink

goddamn that's a lot of #1s. true democracy. the promise of a new day, nearly every week! which is what i voted for.

fact checking cuz, Thursday, 14 March 2019 16:37 (one week ago) Permalink

baby baby

jolene club remix (BradNelson), Thursday, 14 March 2019 16:51 (one week ago) Permalink

i protest 'gypsy woman' not reaching number one

mookieproof, Thursday, 14 March 2019 17:16 (one week ago) Permalink

oh, Justify My Love, no question

flappy bird, Thursday, 14 March 2019 17:20 (one week ago) Permalink

wow, no wonder I was knee-deep in Spaceman 3, J&MC, MBV, Dinosaur Jr, EFIL4ZAGGIN, etc.

Janet probably? I almost voted for the Mariah but my wife said it's NOT the one with the "Genius Of Love" sample.

Jersey Al (Albert R. Broccoli), Thursday, 14 March 2019 17:30 (one week ago) Permalink

Great list

Master of Treacle, Thursday, 14 March 2019 17:30 (one week ago) Permalink

This is all straight up Don't Worry Be Happy post-Reagan hypoxia... Surprised "Ice Ice Baby" missed the start of the calendar year.

Jersey Al (Albert R. Broccoli), Thursday, 14 March 2019 17:31 (one week ago) Permalink

seemingly lastless

steven, soda jerk (sic), Thursday, 14 March 2019 18:46 (one week ago) Permalink

"Love Will Never Do (Without You)" is not only the worst Rhythm Nation single, it's the worst song on the album

GDPR vs GAPDY (DJP), Thursday, 14 March 2019 19:11 (one week ago) Permalink

plenty of these are pretty great, some just for nostalgic reasons. the hi-five is a jam. heard it two days ago and was all shit yeah!

andrew m., Thursday, 14 March 2019 19:16 (one week ago) Permalink

amy grant easy

adam, Thursday, 14 March 2019 19:23 (one week ago) Permalink

"Justify My Love," Madonna
"Gonna Make You Sweat (Everybody Dance Now)," C+C Music Factory featuring Freedom Williams
"Someday," Mariah Carey
"I've Been Thinking About You," Londonbeat
"Unbelievable," EMF
"Good Vibrations," Marky Mark and the Funky Bunch featuring Loleatta Holloway
"Set Adrift on Memory Bliss," P.M. Dawn

I will end up voting for one of these

GDPR vs GAPDY (DJP), Thursday, 14 March 2019 19:31 (one week ago) Permalink

C+C

longtime caller, first time listener (man alive), Thursday, 14 March 2019 19:34 (one week ago) Permalink

that's the only one I could imagine still dancing to today, somehow

longtime caller, first time listener (man alive), Thursday, 14 March 2019 19:34 (one week ago) Permalink

"Love Will Never Do (Without You)" "Miss You Much" is not only the worst Rhythm Nation single, it's the worst song on the album

Let's have sensible centrist armageddon (Alfred, Lord Sotosyn), Thursday, 14 March 2019 19:34 (one week ago) Permalink

to be fair, though, both are the only singles that Jackson had no hand in writing.

Let's have sensible centrist armageddon (Alfred, Lord Sotosyn), Thursday, 14 March 2019 19:34 (one week ago) Permalink

This list reminds me of the greatest comp in history: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MTV_Party_to_Go_2

Let's have sensible centrist armageddon (Alfred, Lord Sotosyn), Thursday, 14 March 2019 19:35 (one week ago) Permalink

Madge.

Loud guitars shit all over "Bette Davis Eyes" (NYCNative), Thursday, 14 March 2019 19:38 (one week ago) Permalink

Guys, "Black Cat" is on Rhythm Nation.

zama roma ding dong (Eric H.), Thursday, 14 March 2019 19:53 (one week ago) Permalink

But I side with Alfred that "Love Will Never Do" > "Miss You Much"

zama roma ding dong (Eric H.), Thursday, 14 March 2019 19:53 (one week ago) Permalink

Don't understand why you insist

Let's have sensible centrist armageddon (Alfred, Lord Sotosyn), Thursday, 14 March 2019 19:59 (one week ago) Permalink

I think Black or White, everything else aside, is a pretty great 12 bar blues (actually 14 bar). With a cool bridge and the black midi fill coming out of it.

New Orleans brass band version:
https://soundcloud.com/user-60647372/micheal-jackson-black-or-white

change display name (Jordan), Thursday, 14 March 2019 20:03 (one week ago) Permalink

"Black Cat" rules

GDPR vs GAPDY (DJP), Thursday, 14 March 2019 20:11 (one week ago) Permalink

"Miss You Much" also rules

Honestly, the only thing "Love Will Never Do" has going for it is the video

GDPR vs GAPDY (DJP), Thursday, 14 March 2019 20:12 (one week ago) Permalink

I had an argument with a friend yesterday about "Black Cat." I've realized I can argue both sides ("It's leaden, it sucks!" vs "It rocks, it's awesome!").

Let's have sensible centrist armageddon (Alfred, Lord Sotosyn), Thursday, 14 March 2019 20:12 (one week ago) Permalink

the album version has Herb Alpert playing and more leisure for the keyboard pattern

Let's have sensible centrist armageddon (Alfred, Lord Sotosyn), Thursday, 14 March 2019 20:13 (one week ago) Permalink

(Every Janet Jackson video from "What Have You Done For Me Lately?" on is good; fight me)

GDPR vs GAPDY (DJP), Thursday, 14 March 2019 20:13 (one week ago) Permalink

I won't fight what's right.

zama roma ding dong (Eric H.), Thursday, 14 March 2019 20:16 (one week ago) Permalink

"Love Will Never Do" and "Alright" are the two on the album that most sound to me like what it felt like to live in Minneapolis circa 1990.

zama roma ding dong (Eric H.), Thursday, 14 March 2019 20:16 (one week ago) Permalink

it's weird that i remember hearing a lot of these
number ones really clearly on the radio in the
car. i have no idea why i remember 1991 so
vividly.

they're all so cringey

John Jacob Jingleheimer Schmidt, Thursday, 14 March 2019 20:28 (one week ago) Permalink

Madonna PM Dawn and C&C. Oh and Mariah. The rest is shite. Granted I obsessed over the Prince record but I was oblivious to his better recs.

nathom, Thursday, 14 March 2019 21:00 (one week ago) Permalink

I will vote for any Prince over anybody else.

Twee.TV (I M Losted), Thursday, 14 March 2019 21:17 (one week ago) Permalink

it's a tough pick between "justify my love" and "set adrift on memory bliss" for me. "black or white" is also great and i enjoy a number of others on the list.

"the first time" seems like one of those songs that was at the time the act's biggest hit but is now not remembered nearly as much as some of the lesser hits scored by the same act. i have a feeling "happy", which peaked at #20, is probably just as remembered. i have to assume that "the first time" is among the songs some of y'all are thinking of when you speak of shite/cringey aural excrement but fuck it, it's a perfectly serviceable middle school slow dance number. (also a friendly reminder that "save the best for last" is (correctly) acknowledged as canon on this forum!)

goddamn that's a lot of #1s. true democracy.

turnover at #1 would slow enormously for years after this one for one simple reason -- from the week "set adrift" went #1 going forward, the charts were now computed using actual sales/airplay data instead of survey responses from radio programmers and retailers

dyl, Friday, 15 March 2019 02:34 (one week ago) Permalink

I'm putting together 1993's top tens and uh wow -- the faucet closed

Let's have sensible centrist armageddon (Alfred, Lord Sotosyn), Friday, 15 March 2019 02:37 (one week ago) Permalink

PM Dawn vs EMF

Neus Anneus (voodoo chili), Friday, 15 March 2019 02:45 (one week ago) Permalink

goddamn that's a lot of #1s. true democracy.

turnover at #1 would slow enormously for years after this one for one simple reason -- from the week "set adrift" went #1 going forward, the charts were now computed using actual sales/airplay data instead of survey responses from radio programmers and retailers

so basically this was the result of fake democracy! but i like it better this way. i like turnover. i like clutter. maybe democracy sucks after all. wonder if actual pop listeners/voters would have elevated my beloved "promise of a new day" to #1. on the other hand, if the first #1 actual listeners elected was "set adrift," that's a good result too. maybe democracy works. i'm torn.

fact checking cuz, Friday, 15 March 2019 05:45 (one week ago) Permalink

has to be Justify My Love

Dan S, Friday, 15 March 2019 07:10 (one week ago) Permalink

I honestly think it was cool that Extreme went with an Everly Bros pastiche for their hit ballad instead of going the power ballad route.

― All along there is the sound of feedback (Sund4r), Friday, March 15, 2019 6:03 AM (sixteen minutes ago) Bookmark Flag Post Permalink

otm. i think "more than words" is a v good song tbh

jolene club remix (BradNelson), Friday, 15 March 2019 13:20 (one week ago) Permalink

PM Dawn by a country mile. Best of rest: C&C Music Factory, Janet Jackson and Prince (though hardly one of his best).

Never liked Justify My Love, something hollow and contrived about it.

Awful list in general.

does it look like i'm here (jon123), Friday, 15 March 2019 17:50 (one week ago) Permalink

also led to Justify My Thug

We were never Breeting Borting (President Keyes), Friday, 15 March 2019 17:53 (one week ago) Permalink

Like I've said, 1991 was the best year for pop since 1984, not necessarily reflected in these #1s.

Let's have sensible centrist armageddon (Alfred, Lord Sotosyn), Friday, 15 March 2019 17:58 (one week ago) Permalink

I liked 1991 a lot when it happened because I was young. I like 1991 a lot now because I am old.

zama roma ding dong (Eric H.), Friday, 15 March 2019 18:18 (one week ago) Permalink

This should've been #1 instead of "Joyride"

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8fGLiIvKKys

Let's have sensible centrist armageddon (Alfred, Lord Sotosyn), Friday, 15 March 2019 18:22 (one week ago) Permalink

Hard to believe "Summertime" was never a number 1. Has a lot more staying power than most of these.

We were never Breeting Borting (President Keyes), Friday, 15 March 2019 18:25 (one week ago) Permalink

or "3 A.M. Eternal."

Let's have sensible centrist armageddon (Alfred, Lord Sotosyn), Friday, 15 March 2019 18:26 (one week ago) Permalink

or jean leloup's '1990'

mookieproof, Friday, 15 March 2019 18:36 (one week ago) Permalink

The #2s of 1991:

Cathy Dennis, "Touch Me (All Night Long)"
Color Me Badd, "I Wanna Sex You Up"
Jesus Jones, "Right Here, Right Now"
Rythm Syndicate, "P.A.S.S.I.O.N."
Amy Grant, "Every Heartbeat"
Lenny Kravitz, "It Ain't Over 'Til It's Over"
Roxette, "Fading Like a Flower (Everytime You Leave)"
Natural Selection feat. Niki Haris, "Do Anything"
Bryan Adams, "Can't Stop This Thing We Started"
Boyz II Men, "It's So Hard To Say Goodbye To Yesterday"

zama roma ding dong (Eric H.), Friday, 15 March 2019 19:04 (one week ago) Permalink

I'm consistently disappointed that Rythm Syndicate didn't title their song 'P.A.S.I.O.N.'.

Goody Rickels on the Dime (Old Lunch), Friday, 15 March 2019 19:06 (one week ago) Permalink

Cathy Dennis, "Touch Me (All Night Long)"
Color Me Badd, "I Wanna Sex You Up"
Jesus Jones, "Right Here, Right Now"
Rythm Syndicate, "P.A.S.S.I.O.N."
Amy Grant, "Every Heartbeat"
Lenny Kravitz, "It Ain't Over 'Til It's Over"
Roxette, "Fading Like a Flower (Everytime You Leave)"
Natural Selection feat. Niki Haris, "Do Anything"
Bryan Adams, "Can't Stop This Thing We Started"
Boyz II Men, "It's So Hard To Say Goodbye To Yesterday"

a marvelous sequence; not one sucks

Let's have sensible centrist armageddon (Alfred, Lord Sotosyn), Friday, 15 March 2019 19:08 (one week ago) Permalink

I see very little wrong with this year in pop music.

zama roma ding dong (Eric H.), Friday, 15 March 2019 19:41 (one week ago) Permalink

I saw Bryan Adams play several years back, in a pretty small theatre. He was fine. But when he played “Everything I Do I Do It for You” all these couples starting dancing and it really struck me what a wedding song it became, and who am I to deride even the biggest pile of soggy ballad if it makes so many people happy?

I fucking hate it with a passion. Did America have to suffer through it being number one for FOUR FUCKING MONTHS?

Le Baton Rose (Turrican), Friday, 15 March 2019 20:01 (one week ago) Permalink

PM Dawn ftw

raise my chicken finger (Willl), Friday, 15 March 2019 20:08 (one week ago) Permalink

xp: I was grounded for one of those 4 months and had little to occupy myself with except sitting in my room listening to the radio. That song was my worst enemy.

☮, 🐸 (peace, man), Friday, 15 March 2019 20:17 (one week ago) Permalink

xpost Don't get me wrong, I can't stand the song. I just won't begrudge those happy couples dancing to their terrible song. Though tbf it's not even the worst Bryan Adams movie song.

Josh in Chicago, Friday, 15 March 2019 20:52 (one week ago) Permalink

but I always begrudge happy couples

Let's have sensible centrist armageddon (Alfred, Lord Sotosyn), Friday, 15 March 2019 20:54 (one week ago) Permalink

Polarizing reactions. my thoughts:
- There were a lot more songs on the radio then. vs today, I'm pretty sure the iHeart station down the street still has "Thank You Next" in their Top 10 at 10. In 1991 there was a new "Thank You Next" every 4-5 weeks. (By that, I mean a song you could tell would be remembered for decades as an artifact of the era, event-type songs widely associated with personal moments -- these songs obv still exist but I don't think receive excessive airplay as often and are thus not treasured as widely)
- "Bad songs" were shitty but at least fun to laugh at. I've sung "I've Been Thinking About You" at karaoke 3 or 4 times in my life because I think it's bad but also funny enough that it no longer sounds quite as bad.
- Many 12-year-olds in 1991 thought "Everything I Do" was a cool song, which I guess is sort of helping me understand how many 12-year-olds in 2019 don't hear Imagine Dragons as vicious eardrum stabbing
- I'm not old; YOURE old.

billstevejim, Friday, 15 March 2019 22:23 (one week ago) Permalink

Voted for PM Dawn

billstevejim, Friday, 15 March 2019 22:27 (one week ago) Permalink

It's hart to call the Londonbeat "bad" when it's got that amazing high life-drenched guitar part.

recriminations from the nitpicking woke (Alfred, Lord Sotosyn), Friday, 15 March 2019 22:30 (one week ago) Permalink

I didn't know it was good until like 2004

billstevejim, Friday, 15 March 2019 22:32 (one week ago) Permalink

So no it's not bad at all and I def wanna hear it right now.

billstevejim, Friday, 15 March 2019 22:33 (one week ago) Permalink

I find it hard to believe that anyone who wasn't an old ever thought 'Everything I Do' was cool. Even as a fairly uncritical consumer I knew back then that that song and everything Bolton did was and always would be lame. And turns out I was right.

Goody Rickels on the Dime (Old Lunch), Friday, 15 March 2019 22:39 (one week ago) Permalink

It was the summer of my junior year and we all -- girls and boys -- thought it a damp Kleenex.

recriminations from the nitpicking woke (Alfred, Lord Sotosyn), Friday, 15 March 2019 22:43 (one week ago) Permalink

The kids who took "Chorus" class (probably 50 kids) sang "Everything I Do" during my 6th grade school concert.

billstevejim, Friday, 15 March 2019 22:46 (one week ago) Permalink

i remember LOVING "everything i do" at the time. i was ... four

jolene club remix (BradNelson), Friday, 15 March 2019 22:47 (one week ago) Permalink

I never realized Bryan Adams had an album between Reckless and Waking Up The Neighbors. I recognize zero of these songs.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Into_the_Fire_(album)

billstevejim, Friday, 15 March 2019 22:53 (one week ago) Permalink

PM Dawn by fucking miles. The MJ and Madonna songs are great too, but come on.

Is there any other year where one chart topper is better than all of the others by such a huge margin?

thewufs, Friday, 15 March 2019 23:22 (one week ago) Permalink

Also re: "Everything I Do," I was, I think, 8 when that song was a hit, and it was very popular in my peer group. I have no idea why. The movie tie-in? I don't remember Prince of Thieves being that much of a thing in third grade at the time.

thewufs, Friday, 15 March 2019 23:24 (one week ago) Permalink

Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves is something of a Forgotbuster, or at least it would be if it didn't have that song attached to it. It was definitely pitched as an Event, and was actually the second highest grossing film of the year, behind Terminator 2; we were still in the post-Dances With Wolves but pre-Waterworld era of Costner, after all. I saw it opening night with my mom (something I remember feeling embarrassed about when I ran into a couple of kids I knew from school in the theatre, which attests to the fact that sixth graders, at least, were into it) and liked it okay, though when T2 came out the following month, I'd all but forgotten why I ever cared.

I don't really hate the song, btw. The first minute or so, before it gets carried away into bombast, is sorta pretty, and its certainly less painful than that Bolton cover on this list. I'd gladly have it erased from history, though, if it meant we would have been spared the Bryan Adams/Sting/Rod Stewart monstrosity "All For Love."

Timothée Charalambides (cryptosicko), Saturday, 16 March 2019 00:33 (one week ago) Permalink

I really hated it but, yeah, lots of kids obv liked it. I feel like I remember my high school concert band playing an arrangement of it (as part of some kind of Prince of Thieves medley?) but I'm not sure if the timeline works (was in hs from 92-97, band from 92-95 iirc).

All along there is the sound of feedback (Sund4r), Saturday, 16 March 2019 00:49 (one week ago) Permalink

i was 8 in 1990. i remember sleeping outside one night that summer on top of a fort i had built out of logs and scrap wood with my cousin behind the doghouse. we had the radio on and "everything i do" came on and as i lay there looking up at the stars i thought it was the most beautiful thing i had ever heard and told my cousin so much.

cheese canopy (map), Saturday, 16 March 2019 01:22 (one week ago) Permalink

as much.

cheese canopy (map), Saturday, 16 March 2019 01:22 (one week ago) Permalink

terrible list. voting “gonna make you sweat”

⅋ (crüt), Saturday, 16 March 2019 02:18 (one week ago) Permalink

love that post map

Dan S, Saturday, 16 March 2019 03:59 (one week ago) Permalink

I have memories of childhood like that, not exactly the same, but your story reminds me of them

Dan S, Saturday, 16 March 2019 04:08 (one week ago) Permalink

i cant...

i should know every one of these but even remember only

C+C
EMF
londonbeat
marky mark
prince
pm dawn
mj

just looking at the listnames i'm like "how can i not know this roxette? that HAS to be the correct pop answer?!

therefore: pm dawn (even though i am def not very into pm dawn).

Hunt3r, Saturday, 16 March 2019 04:14 (one week ago) Permalink

i am pretty into the idea of that londonbeat song being actually bad. feels right to me.

dyl, Saturday, 16 March 2019 05:13 (one week ago) Permalink

xpost Prince of Thieves does have another great droll Alan Rickman villain role, so it's got that going for it. Also the start of Peak Morgan Freeman, and the end of peak Mary Elizabeth Mastrantonio (as such). Absolutely def. the middle of peak Costner, who I think had just come off Dances with Wolves the year before, which might explain the Robin Hood hype.

Josh in Chicago, Saturday, 16 March 2019 13:11 (one week ago) Permalink

I'm pretty into the idea of suggest banning several posters, feels right

recriminations from the nitpicking woke (Alfred, Lord Sotosyn), Saturday, 16 March 2019 13:17 (one week ago) Permalink

Robin Hood is totes a Forgotbuster. You could even get a Christian Slater action figure!

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

a large tuna called “Justice” (C. Grisso/McCain), Saturday, 16 March 2019 13:23 (one week ago) Permalink

'91 is such a weird year for me because it was one (of many) in which my family moved to a new town and also the year I started high school, so the hits from earlier in the year (eg Londonbeat, Amy Grant, Extreme) and from later in the year (eg Bryan Adams, MJ, C+C) feel like sounds from completely separate worlds. To the extent that I don't even have to double check when they charted (my siblings and I regard discrete chunks of '80s-'90s pop history largely in terms of where we happened to be living when the songs in question dropped). Super weird to think that I was enjoying early Celine Dion singles in the same year I first smelled teen spirit, but it is so.

Goody Rickels on the Dime (Old Lunch), Saturday, 16 March 2019 14:50 (one week ago) Permalink

okay so the londonbeat song is definitely not 'bad'. i do remain very puzzled at how it managed to be this unstoppable worldwide juggernaut, tho, especially performed by an act so bereft of personality, identity or quirk. with most one-hit wonders one can at least easily understand what it is about the artist that managed to take their one hit to the stratosphere -- not so with londonbeat. (somehow i might prefer the 12" mix to the original.)

so basically this was the result of fake democracy! but i like it better this way. i like turnover. i like clutter. maybe democracy sucks after all. wonder if actual pop listeners/voters would have elevated my beloved "promise of a new day" to #1. on the other hand, if the first #1 actual listeners elected was "set adrift," that's a good result too. maybe democracy works. i'm torn.

the funny thing is that billboard published the modernized sales and airplay charts for many months prior to infusing them into the hot 100, so by perusing those old issues you can actually get a sense of how all the hot 100's supposed big hits were 'actually' performing. sorry to say that "promise of a new day" almost certainly would not have gone #1 had the modernized methodology already been implemented. if i were to bet, i'd actually guess that none of the following would have reached the top had the new tabulation methods been in place:

"Coming Out of the Dark," Gloria Estefan
"You're in Love," Wilson Phillips
"The Promise of a New Day," Paula Abdul
"Joyride," Roxette
"I Don't Wanna Cry," Mariah Carey
"Romantic," Karyn White
"I've Been Thinking About You," Londonbeat
"Cream," Prince and the New Power Generation
"All the Man That I Need," Whitney Houston
"When a Man Loves a Woman," Michael Bolton

(i put them in order of least likely to hit #1 at top + likeliest to maybe sneak in there at the bottom -- tho the test chart positions visible on the first nü-hot 100 chart strongly suggest that neither prince nor bolton would have made it had the implementation been earlier, both to have been blocked by "set adrift")

that's not to say that these songs weren't real hits: almost all of them got strong-tho-not-outstanding airplay. but most of them were pulling sales in the modest-to-pretty-decent range, which was not gonna unseat an actual smash like bryan adams's, which was the simultaneous number one seller and airplay hit for many more weeks than indicated by its hot 100 run. (the gloria estefan one is the one exception -- in addition to being a weak seller, it didn't even reach the top 10 in 'real' monitored airplay.)

dyl, Sunday, 17 March 2019 22:21 (one week ago) Permalink

the funny thing is that billboard published the modernized sales and airplay charts for many months prior to infusing them into the hot 100, so by perusing those old issues you can actually get a sense of how all the hot 100's supposed big hits were 'actually' performing. sorry to say that "promise of a new day" almost certainly would not have gone #1 had the modernized methodology already been implemented. if i were to bet, i

To your point, for I cited this article not long ago: https://www.billboard.com/articles/news/67227/chart-beat-chat

recriminations from the nitpicking woke (Alfred, Lord Sotosyn), Sunday, 17 March 2019 22:23 (one week ago) Permalink

My mom used to get annoyed cos I would insist the lyrics were

U must be Flintstone crazy

fuck the NRA (Neanderthal), Sunday, 17 March 2019 22:25 (one week ago) Permalink

I quibble about "Coming Out of the Dark," #1 in airplay and #3 and climbing in sales. If not that week, or if not #1 for two weeks, then it would've hit #1.

recriminations from the nitpicking woke (Alfred, Lord Sotosyn), Sunday, 17 March 2019 22:27 (one week ago) Permalink

"love will never do" > "black cat" > "miss you much"

dyl, Sunday, 17 March 2019 22:40 (one week ago) Permalink

those "coming out of the dark" airplay/sales rankings you cite are from the old survey-based methodology, which were also still getting published at that time (until the june 8, 1991 issue). on the monitored airplay chart, which was getting published concurrently, it never got past #12. once the soundscan-based sales chart came out in the june 8th issue, it was basically already off the chart (briefly appeared at #74 afaict), with many older hits still lingering above. unlike most of the other #1s from this year, it also never ultimately received an riaa certification, so again despite its #3 survey-based sales ranking my guess would be that it didn't actually sell well.

dyl, Sunday, 17 March 2019 22:48 (one week ago) Permalink

Can't believe y'all are questioning the greatness of "I've Been Thinking About You" . The fact that such a faceless group made it such a big hit only speaks to the song's virtues

Also, sh bow bow

Vinnie, Monday, 18 March 2019 00:15 (one week ago) Permalink


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